Epoxy flooring is one of the top commercial and industrial flooring options available. It provides excellent durability, impact resistance, and chemical resistance. Epoxy is generally made up of three components: a resin, a hardener/catalyst, and a filler.
The liquid epoxy is mixed with additives to fill in pores and imperfections in concrete floors to create a strong bond between itself and the concrete surface. Once cured it forms a durable coating on the surface that cannot be penetrated by most solvents or chemicals.
The resulting epoxy floor can be very thin or quite thick depending on your project needs but offers immense durability no matter how thin or thick it may be applied. Additionally, professionals often add decorative chips to the epoxy before applying so that they get embedded into the sealer creating a beautiful speckled look once cured.
What is the difference between epoxy and resin flooring?
The difference between epoxy and resin flooring is that epoxy is a type of resin, but so are other materials such as polyurethane.
Epoxy is actually a thermosetting polymer, which is why it’s often used in finishes that need to resist high temperatures. Epoxy sets when mixed with a hardener.
Resin flooring refers to any material that uses liquid organic compounds to coat or seal surfaces, including concrete and wood.
Epoxy painting, also known as epoxy flooring or concrete polishing, involves applying layers of an adhesion promoter and top coat to protect your floor against wear and tear while providing a stunning finish. Epoxy paint can be applied in many different layers with varying degrees of thickness.
It might help to think about the different types of paint you might use for a wall: primer coats provide protection from moisture damage, while glossy topcoats give the walls their sleek appearance.
What is the best way to apply epoxy?
There are several methods of applying epoxy resin, including a paint roller, a paintbrush, or a paint sprayer. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages.
- Using a paint roller is the most common way of applying epoxy resin, but it also has the potential to leave brush marks. The best way to avoid this is to use long even strokes and keep the surface wet with epoxy at all times.
- A paintbrush can be easier for small, tight spaces that require more precision than using a roller provides. They can also help you deal with drips and runs better than rollers or spray guns. They are not recommended for larger jobs though because they take longer to clean up than other tools such as an airless spray gun.
- A paint sprayer is ideal for large surfaces where you want uniform coverage without any brush marks or streaks left behind on your floor’s finish coat like what happens when using either brushes or rollers! You’ll need some experience working with these tools before attempting any sort of job requiring perfection since they’re not as easy to control as hand-held ones would be (and even then there’s still room for error).
Can epoxy resin be used on floors?
Epoxy resin is a good choice for floors and can be used on many different floor surfaces. These include concrete, wood, metal, and masonry floors. The advantages of epoxy resin include its suitability for use in high traffic areas, its ease of application and maintenance, and its longevity of life.
Although the first cost of epoxy resin is slightly more than some other alternatives such as wooden flooring or carpeting, in terms of ongoing costs such as maintenance, epoxy resin has far lower costs.
How long does epoxy floor last?
Epoxy floors can last anywhere from five to 20 years, depending on whether you’re maintaining your floor properly, how much traffic the floor is seeing, and what kind of top coat you have.
If you’ve got a good top coat on your epoxy flooring that’s regularly maintained as well as low to moderate foot traffic, it’s quite possible for your epoxy flooring to hold up for around 10 years. On the other hand, if you have a high-quality top coat with regular maintenance and high traffic, then your epoxy floors could very well last around 20 years.
There are three main things that affect how long an epoxy floor lasts: the topcoat (high-quality = longer-lasting), proper maintenance (regular cleaning = longer lasting), and foot traffic (less = longer-lasting).
Is epoxy flooring cheaper than tile?
Probably! When compared to some of the more expensive flooring options, epoxy flooring can be installed for a fraction of the cost.
For example, natural stone tiles can cost $10-$15 per sq. ft., while ceramic tile costs about $3-$4 per sq. ft. On the other hand, epoxy flooring may only cost about $4 – $9 per square foot for a two-car garage and even less for smaller projects.
Plus, epoxy comes in any color you want (and multiple colors if you’re feeling adventurous). In addition to bright solid pigments and neutral hues, it’s also available in metallic and flake blends that create a nearly endless variety of looks.
Are epoxy floors slippery?
No matter the floor type, all materials can become slippery when wet. However, due to the non-porous nature of epoxy floors, once the surface is dry it is no longer slippery.
This makes an epoxy floor more slip-resistant than many other floor types. The addition of a non-skid additive further increases the traction on an epoxy surface.
When properly installed by a reputable contractor, an epoxy floor will provide years of maintenance-free and slip-resistant service.
Floors in industrial or commercial settings can be subjected to spills and leakages that cause surfaces to become slippery.
In these environments, it is important for floors to have a high level of slip resistance so that workers are not at risk of slipping or falling if they encounter any liquid on the floor. For example, a restaurant kitchen with an epoxy coating can continue operations even if there is oil spilled on the floor because it will not be slippery until cleaned up by staff members
Can you apply epoxy resin with a roller?
It is possible to apply a thin layer of epoxy resin with a roller. Just like with glue, the thinner the layer, the more coverage you get by applying it that way.
You can use a short nap roller which will give less texture to the final surface and will make it easier to apply an additional finish coat on top. To avoid chemical reactivity between the epoxy and your roller, use a solvent resistant one such as phenolic core rollers.
Prepping Your Floor
Preparing your floor before installing your epoxy coating is very important in order to achieve long lasting results.
What kind of roller do you use for epoxy?
The roller you use should have a metal frame and a short nap. To find out which nap is right for your project, consult one of the many guides available on the Internet or ask a local hardware store employee to help you. Each coat requires its own roller cover, so make sure you have at least as many covers as coats you plan to put on.
And when you’re done with each coat, thoroughly clean the roller. Leftover debris can ruin your finished product and cause it to degrade faster than it would otherwise.
To clean the epoxy off a metal-frame roller cover, first, place it in some hot water with detergent and let it soak for 10-15 minutes. Then rinse thoroughly and squeeze dry between two towels or paper towels. Once all excess moisture has been removed from the roller and frame, reassemble them for storage until ready for use again (make sure everything is completely dry before storing).
Another option is to dispose of the used covers and buy new ones for each additional coat—this will save you time cleaning up after each layer but will generate more waste overall.
Overall, epoxy flooring is a great choice for garages, basements, and other concrete surfaces. It’s easy to apply with simple tools you likely already have at home, it doesn’t require any prior experience or special training to use, and it’s also less expensive than other flooring options.
It can be applied directly on top of an existing surface without the need for sanding or cleaning, though cleaning and prepping will still result in a higher quality finish. After application, most epoxy floor material kits should be left alone for at least 12 hours before walking on them—though this can vary depending on the room temperature and humidity.
Before applying epoxy resin to your floors yourself, take into account the size of the project you’re undertaking as well as your own skillset.